CONSTITUTION
OF THE PRIDNESTROVSKAIA MOLDAVSKAIA RESPUBLIKA

CHAPTER 2. THE SUPREME SOVIET
OF THE PRIDNESTROVSKAIA MOLDAVSKAIA RESPUBLIKA

Article 59

1. The Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika (hereinafter "The Supreme Soviet") shall be the representative and the only legislative organ of state power in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
The Supreme Soviet shall consist of 43 members.
2. The Supreme Soviet shall be elected for the term of five years. Next elections of deputies to the Supreme Soviet shall be held on the second Sunday of December of the year, in which the term of office of the outgoing Supreme Soviet expires.
The Supreme Soviet as an organ of state power shall be competent to act provided not less than two-thirds of the established number of its deputies have been elected.
The competences of the Supreme Soviet shall begin from the moment of opening its first session and finish with the beginning of work of the first session of the Supreme Soviet of a new convocation.
3. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall convoke the Supreme Soviet for its first sitting on the 30th day, at the latest, after election of not less than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of the Supreme Soviet. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall open the first sitting of the Supreme Soviet and entrust presiding over it to an eldest deputy till its Chairman is elected in the established order.

Article 60

1. The deputies of the Supreme Soviet shall be elected by the citizens of the Republic on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.
As a deputy of the Supreme Soviet can be elected an eligible to vote citizen of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, who has reached by the election day the age of 25 and is a resident of the Republic.
A deputy of the Supreme Soviet maynot be President or Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, a judge or a prosecutor, be in the Civil Service or in service in organs of local self-government, be a deputy of other representative and elective organs of state power and local self-government.
Furthermore, a deputy of the Supreme Soviet working in the Supreme Soviet and its working organs on the permanent professional basis, shall not have a right to hold other paid posts, be engaged in another paid activity, except for teaching, scientific or another creative activity, be engaged in business, as well as be a member of a managing or a supervisory board of a commercial organization.
Violation of this rule shall lead to the termination of office of a deputy of the Supreme Soviet.
The elections of the deputies of the Supreme Soviet shall be held on the basis of a majority electoral system (of a relative majority) in electoral districts established on the entire territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
The order of holding elections shall be determined by the law.
2. For his activity in the Supreme Soviet a deputy of the Supreme Soviet shall get a payment and receive compensation for his expenses related to exercising his powers as a deputy.
A deputy of the Supreme Soviet must attend sittings of the Supreme Soviet and its working organs.
Absence of a deputy of the Supreme Soviet at sittings of the Supreme Soviet and its working organs without any valid reason shall entail application of measures of penalty determined by the law towards the deputy of the Supreme Soviet.
3. A deputy of the Supreme Soviet maynot be made answerable for an opinion expressed by him or a decision taken in the process of his activity as a deputy.
A deputy of the Supreme Soviet shall enjoy immunity during the entire term of his office. He maynot be detained, arrested, subjected to search, except for the cases of arresting him at the place of committing a crime, as well as be subjected to a personal search, except for the cases provided for by the laws of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika in order to ensure security of other people.
A question of deprivation a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of his immunity shall be decided by the Supreme Soviet upon presentation by the Prosecutor General of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
4. The status of a deputy of the Supreme Soviet shall be determined by the constitutional law.

Article 61

1. The Supreme Soviet shall elect its Chairman and Deputy Chairmen from among its members. In the matters put under its jurisdiction by the current Constitution, the Supreme Soviet shall establish permanent, provisional and other working organs.
The order of electing the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet, as well as the order of forming and functioning the organs established by the Supreme Soviet, shall be determined by the procedure rules of the Supreme Soviet.
2. In their activity, the Supreme Soviet and organs established by it from among the deputies of the Supreme Soviet must take into account the rights of the minority (1/5 of the deputies of the Supreme Soviet has the right at any moment during taking a decision to demand to take a vote by secret ballot or by roll-call before a decision on open ballot is taken), as well as the right of any deputy of the Supreme Soviet to demand to give publicity to information about affirmative and dissenting votes cast by the deputies on a question.
3. Two-thirds of the total number of deputies elected to the Supreme Soviet shall make a quorum necessary for passing legal acts.

Article 62

1. The Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be competent to consider and take decisions on all the matters put by the current Constitution under legislative regulation and performing its controlling functions. A legislative act cannot be passed by the Supreme Soviet at its sitting without its preliminary consideration by a working organ of the Supreme Soviet.
2. Through passing legislative acts, the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall:
a) fix republican taxes and dues, establish a list of local taxes and dues, as well as the order of collecting and introducing them; determine a maximum amount of the tax load on a taxpayer; establish limits of the state debt and the amount of a single borrowing, in case of exceeding of which this action must be coordinated with the Supreme Soviet, as well as the order or objects of its securing; take decision on the currency issue in limits exceeding the amount established by the law for independent decision by the Central Bank of the state;
b) consider and approve, in the framework of a long-term budget planning, Republican programmes of economic, social, and cultural development, which have a national status; pass the budget and establish measures of interbudget regulation;
c) take decisions on the administrative and territorial division of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, including those on changing the borders of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika by mutual agreement of bordering states;
d) ratify and denounce international treaties of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika;
e) introduce changes and amendments into the Constitution in the established order, introduce changes and amendments into legislative acts currently in force;
f) carry out legislative regulation of other questions, which require uniform solving and application on the territory of the entire Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
3. The Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall consider, in the established order and terms, and take decisions, by issuing legislative acts, on:
a) approval of President's decrees on introduction of martial law or the state of emergency;
b) the matters of war and peace;
c) announcement of an amnesty;
d) approval of a concept of domestic and foreign policy, as well as of national security of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika and its military doctrine;
e) holding on the territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika a referendum or nationwide discussion of most important matters of the state or public life;
f) appointment and dismissal of Chairmen of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and the Court of Arbitration, upon presentation by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika; as well as on appointment and dismissal of two judges of the Constitutional Court;
g) appointment for the term of office provided by the law, as well as on dismissal, upon presentation by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, the Prosecutor General of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika and the Chairman of the Central Bank of the state;
h) about appointment to position and discharge from position of the Plenipotentiary on Human Rights in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika acting in accordance with the Constitutional Law;
i) interpretation of laws and legal acts of not legislative character, passed by the Supreme Soviet;
j) shall pass other acts and take other decisions, which do not require legislative regulation.
4. The Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have the right, for performing its controlling functions, to consider in the established order and terms and to take decisions, based on the results of consideration, on:
a) abolishing acts of local Soviets of People's Deputies (local representative organs of state power), in case of their inconsistency with the Constitution and the laws of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika; as well as proposing elective organs and officials of local self-government to bring their own respective legal acts in line with the laws currently in force;
b) dissolution of local Soviets of People's Deputies (local representative organs of state power) and calling new elections, in case they violate the Constitution, laws, rulings of the Supreme Soviet or acts of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, and reject to bring their decisions in line with the legislation;
c) removal from office persons holding superior state positions in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, and the Cabinet of Ministers, in the cases and in the order established by the Constitution and the law;
d) submitting a report to the President concerning an improper performance or non-performance of duties by an official or an organ of state power or administration.
The Supreme Soviet, in the course of performing its controlling functions, shall have the right to pass other acts (take other decisions), as well as to control implementation of legislative and other acts by organs of power and administration, and officials. The decisions on dismissal, on early dissolution of local Soviets of People's Deputies shall be taken by not less than two-thirds of votes of the established by the Constitution total number of deputies of the Supreme Soviet.
In the course of performing its controlling functions, the Supreme Soviet shall hear a report on budget performance, on performance of economic and other programs, which have a status of the national ones (requiring for their performance attraction of funds besides those envisaged in the budget, as well as additional reglamentation of legislative character).

Article 63

1. In the course of performing its legislative function, the Supreme Soviet shall pass the constitutional laws, laws and rulings. Changes and amendments to the Constitution shall be introduced by the Supreme Soviet through issuing a constitutional law.
2. Unless otherwise provided by the Constitution and the law, rulings shall be taken by the majority of votes of deputies attending the sitting of the Supreme Soviet, provided there is a quorum.
3. The laws shall be considered and passed at least in two readings to be held in different sittings of the Supreme Soviet not taking place in one day. Bills on introduction of changes and amendments into laws passed earlier may be approved during one sitting, unless there is an objection against such an approval from subjects of legislative initiative, with them having this bill for acquaintance during an established period before its consideration by the Supreme Soviet.
The laws of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika (including codes, laws on introduction of changes and amendments into the laws currently in force) shall be passed by the majority of votes of the established by the current Constitution total number of deputies of the Supreme Soviet. Introduction of changes into the Constitution, adoption of the constitutional laws and introduction of changes and amendments into them shall be approved by two-thirds of votes of the established by the Constitution number of deputies of the Supreme Soviet.
The laws maynot be inconsistent with the Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
4. The order and terms of putting in force an adopted legislative act shall be provided exclusively by the law.
The laws shall be published officially. Unpublished laws shall not be applied.
5. The Supreme Soviet shall adopt legal acts of legislative character only in the form of laws, and every law, except for financial ones and those introducing changes or amendments or revising the legislation currently in force, shall regulate only one subject. Financial laws shall regulate only financial matters.
The Supreme Soviet should not pass legal acts of special or local (and equally individual) action, if there is a law or an existing law can be applied for the case requiring legal regulation. In case of passing by the Supreme Soviet a legal act of special or local action, the question about its competence in taking such an action shall be decided in court.
The list of the constitutional laws of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be provided by the current Constitution.
6. The violation of the procedure of introduction, consideration and approval of a bill puts it out of force and makes it not a subject for application, what shall be decided by court.

Article 64

1. The right of legislative initiative shall be vested in the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, deputies of the Supreme Soviet, Prosecutor General of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, Plenipotentiary on Human Rights in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, as well as in district and city Soviets of People's Deputies of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
The right of legislative initiative shall also belong to the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and to the Court of Arbitration of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika in the matters under their respective jurisdiction, as well as to republican associations of trade unions as regards employment and social and economic matters.
The subjects of legislative initiative shall take part in the law-making process in the Supreme Soviet at all its stages (except for voting) on equal basis and maynot be therein restricted, unless otherwise directly provided by the current Constitution.
2. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be entitled to introduce the regime of legislative necessity when considering most important legislative acts, requiring consideration and adoption by the Supreme Soviet in the shortest possible term. In case of introducing this regime, the Supreme Soviet must suspend consideration of other bills, except for the one introduced in the regime of legislative necessity. A bill introduced by the President in the regime of legislative necessity should be considered and passed or rejected in the established order during sittings of a session of the Supreme Soviet within the period agreed with the President.

Article 65

1. An adopted legislative act shall be sent to the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika for signing and promulgation in the established order.
The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, within the period of 14 days from the date of receiving a law, shall consider, sign and promulgate it.
2. If the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika within the period of 14 days from the date of receiving the law rejects it and sends it or its part for reconsideration, the Supreme Soviet shall reconsider this law or its part in the established order. If during the reconsideration the law or its part is approved in the earlier adopted wording by at least the two-thirds majority of votes of the established by the Constitution total number of deputies of the Supreme Soviet, it shall be signed by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika within the period of 7 days and promulgated.
The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be entitled to reject and to send for reconsideration particular Articles of a financial law or to propose cutting down allocations approved by the Supreme Soviet. A rejection and sending for reconsideration a particular Article or a provision of a financial law shall not be an obstacle for its signing and putting in force. The procedure of reconsideration and adoption of a law or its particular part should be similar to that set forth in part 1, paragraph 2 of the given Article.
3. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika cannot reject and send for reconsideration the constitutional laws, changes and amendments to the Constitution, adopted by the Supreme Soviet in the established order, but must sign and promulgate them. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika cannot reject the decisions related to removal of officials holding top state posts, as well as to early dissolution of local Soviets of People's Deputies.

Article 66

For performing its controlling functions the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be entitled to establish appropriate organs, whose establishment and order of functioning shall be provided by the legislative act of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Article 67

1. The Supreme Soviet shall have the exclusive right to initiate the procedure of dismissal from office and to take a decision on dismissal from office of top state officials of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika (the President, the Vice-President, the Chairman of the Constitutional Court, the Chairman of the Supreme Court, the Chairman of the Court of Arbitration, the Prosecutor General), and the Cabinet of Ministers on the basis of a finding of the Supreme Court of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika confirming corpus delicti in their actions, and of a finding of the Constitutional Court of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika as to observance the established order of bringing a charge, if as a result of consideration they are found guilty in high treason, corruption, deliberate breaching the Constitution having entailed grave consequences, as well as in other grave crimes.
2. A decision of the Supreme Soviet concerning bringing a charge and dismissal from office shall be considered on the initiative by at least one-third of the established by the Constitution total number of deputies of the Supreme Soviet, provided there is a resolution of a special commission established by the Supreme Soviet.
A decision on dismissal should be considered by the Supreme Soviet within the two-month period after charging. If a decision is not taken by the Supreme Soviet within this period, the charge shall be considered rejected.
3. The decision on dismissal shall be taken by at least two-thirds of votes of the established by the Constitution total number of deputies of the Supreme Soviet. Taking such a decision shall mean removal from the office held.



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