CONSTITUTION
OF THE PRIDNESTROVSKAIA MOLDAVSKAIA RESPUBLIKA

CHAPTER 3. THE PRESIDENT OF THE PRIDNESTROVSKAIA MOLDAVSKAIA
RESPUBLIKA. EXECUTIVE POWER


Article 68

1. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be elected by the citizens of the Republic on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.
2. As the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika may be elected an eligible to vote citizen of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, who reached the age of 35, has citizenship of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika for at least 10 years and is a resident of the Republic. The same restrictions shall apply to a citizen being elected on the post of the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
3. The elections of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be held on the basis of the majority electoral system (of relative majority). At the same time and for the same term of office as the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be elected.
The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be elected for the term of five years.
Next elections of the President and the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be held on the second Sunday of December of the year, in which the term of office of the outgoing President expires. No other elections, as well as electing procedures, maynot be held on this day and 30 days before and after it.
The order of holding elections shall be determined by the law.
4. The term of office of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika may end early in case of his resignation, stable inability for health reasons to exercise his powers, death or dismissal from the office in the order envisaged in Article 67 of the current Constitution. In all cases of inability of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika to exercise his powers, those shall be exercised by the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika pending the reasons preventing the President from exercising his powers are eliminated or the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika is elected in the established order.
In case of simultaneous inability of the President and the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika to exercise their powers, those shall be entrusted to an official to be determined by the Supreme Soviet through passing an appropriate law. The official shall perform duties of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika pending the reasons preventing the President from exercising his powers are eliminated, or the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika is elected in the established order.
In case of early ending the term of office of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika due to the abovementioned reasons, the elections of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be held on the second Sunday of the month following three months after the date of the early ending of the President's term of office. Early elections of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall not be held if it remains less than six months until the next elections of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika are to be held.
5. The status of the President and the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be determined by the constitutional law. The President and the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall enjoy personal inviolability.

Article 69

1. Before taking office the person elected the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be sworn in to the following:
"I do swear when exercising powers of President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika to observe and protect the Constitution and laws of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, respect rights and freedoms of person and citizen, protect sovereignty and independence, security and integrity of the state, faithfully serve the people of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika."
2. The oath shall be taken within 30 days after an official announcement of the elections' results in the solemn atmosphere at a special sitting of the Supreme Soviet in the presence of representatives from executive and judicial organs of state power.
The moment of swearing the oath is that of taking the office by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. The outgoing President performs his duties pending taking the office by a newly elected President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Article 70

1. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be the Head of State, as well as the head of the executive power in the Republic.
2. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be a guarantor of the Constitution and laws of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, of rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen; he shall ensure strict observance of the Constitution and the laws. In the order established by the Constitution, he shall take measures for protection of sovereignty of the Republic, its independence and territorial integrity, and ensure concerted functioning and cooperation of all organs of state power.
3. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, in accordance with the Constitution and the laws, shall build up a concept of domestic and foreign policy of the state, and take measures for its implementation.
4. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, within his powers provided by the current Constitution, shall represent the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika within the state and in its international relations.
5. The powers of the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be determined by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Article 71

1. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika and accordingly on his own or by agreement with the Supreme Soviet shall take any legal measures aimed at strengthening defense capability of the Republic.
In case of aggression against the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika or immediate threat of aggression, the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall introduce martial law on the entire territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika and immediately inform of it the Supreme Soviet.
The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, under the circumstances and in the order envisaged by the constitutional law, shall introduce the state of emergency on the entire territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika or in its particular localities.
2. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall carry out general direction over executive organs of state power and administration, as well as ensure their interaction with other organs of state power in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. The executive organs of state power and administration, officials heading them shall be accountable to the President.
3. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have the right to pardon.
The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall deal with questions related to citizenship of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika and granting political asylum.
The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall institute national decorations of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, honorary and special titles, shall award national decorations, confer honorary titles of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, top military ranks and special ranks, highest qualification classes and class ranks.
4. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall address with messages the people and the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, shall periodically inform of most important matters of the domestic and foreign policy activity of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, present annual reports to the Supreme Soviet on the situation in the Republic, and propose to its consideration the measures he deems necessary and useful.
5. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall carry out general management of the foreign policy of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, therewith concluding international treaties of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, shall sign instruments of ratification in case of ratification of an international treaty by the Supreme Soviet, and take credentials and letters of recall of diplomatic representatives.

Article 72

1. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall issue decrees and enactments.
2. The decrees and enactments of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be legal acts of sub-law character, which must not be inconsistent with the Constitution and the laws of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
The legal acts of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, of executive organs of state power and administration, issued within their respective competences, shall be binding throughout the entire territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Article 73

1. Within main directions of domestic and foreign policy and in the framework, established by the law, each Minister, head of Department, head of state administration on his own and within his responsibility shall run affairs in the sphere of management and on the administrative territory under his jurisdiction.
2. With the purpose of an efficient fulfilment of functions of the state determined by the current Constitution, the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall take decisions as to establishment of Ministries, Departments, and other institutions of state administration.
3. The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall, in the established order, determine matters put under jurisdiction of the Ministries, Departments and other organs of state administration, as well as on his own determine competences of state officials of the executive power.
The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have the right to reject or suspend legal acts of the Ministries and Departments, state administrations and other organs of state power, which are subordinate to or under control of the President.

Article 74

1. To exercise his powers as a head of the executive power, the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall form the Cabinet.
The following matters shall come within jurisdiction of the Cabinet:
a) working out measures for carrying out domestic and foreign policy of the state aimed at promoting socio-economic development of the state and satisfaction of needs of the society;
b) working out appropriate measures aimed at implementation of legislative acts of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika;
c) carrying out legislative initiative in the Supreme Soviet through the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika;
d) exercising other powers entrusted to the Cabinet by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, with the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika not entitled to delegate to the Cabinet powers put by the current Constitution under the exclusive jurisdiction of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
All decisions taken by the Cabinet shall be put in force by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
2. Ministers, Heads of Departments and other executive organs of state power and administration, their Deputies and other officials of executive organs of state power and administration, which are immediately subordinate to the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, as well as ambassadors, other plenipotentiaries of the Republic, shall be appointed on their position and dismissed by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, except for the cases stipulated in the Constitution.
The President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be entitled to appoint temporarily on all vacancies opening within the period between sessions of the Supreme Soviet in state position, appointment to which shall be made by the Supreme Soviet upon presentation by the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, pending filling these position in the established order at the next session.
The end of the term of office of the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall lead to resignation of the Cabinet Ministers and other officials immediately subordinate to the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
3. The President, the Vice-President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, Ministers, Heads of Departments, other state officials of executive organs of power shall not be allowed to hold other paid offices, be engaged in business or another activity, except for scientific, teaching or another creative activity, sit in a managing board or a supervisory council of a commercial organization, be a deputy of the Supreme Soviet or other representative organs of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika; they shall also suspend, for the entire term of office, their membership in political parties and other public associations set to achieve political goals.

Article 75

The Ministries, Departments and other republican organs of administration shall be executive organs of state power.
The Ministries, Departments and other republican organs of administration shall be established exclusively for performing functions of the state, with their activity financed only from the state budget.

Article 76

In the Civil Service of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be the citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika holding offices in state organs and performing tasks and functions of the state on behalf of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
The legal status of civil servants shall be established by legislation.



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