CONSTITUTION
OF THE PRIDNESTROVSKAIA MOLDAVSKAIA RESPUBLIKA

The Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia
Moldavskaia Respublika was adopted on December 24,
1995 at the national referendum and signed by the
President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia
Respublika on January 17, 1996.
The current wording in accordance with changes and
additions made by the constitutional laws of the
Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika from
December 15, 1998 No. 128-, from June 30, 2000
No. 310-, from July 13, 2005 No. 593--III,
from February 10, 2006, No. 1--IV.

We, multinational people of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika,
- united by the common fortune on our land;
- maintaining human rights and freedoms, as well as free development of a person;
- proceeding from the responsibility for our Motherland before the current and future generations;
- confirming our commitment to the common to all mankind values, striving for life in peace and harmony with all peoples according to generally recognized principles and norms of international law;
- establishing the legal state, which would ensure the rule of law as an expression of will of the people;
- honoring the memory of our ancestors, who have passed us love and respect to our Motherland,
- wishing to ensure well-being and prosperity to Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, adopt the Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.


SECTION I. PRINCIPLES OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM1

Article 1

The Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be a sovereign, independent, democratic, legal state.
Its people shall be the bearer of sovereignty and the only source of power in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
The people shall exercise its power directly, as well as through organs of state power and institutions of local self-government.
Referendum and free elections shall be the highest direct expression of the power of the people.
No one can assume power in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. Seizure of power and appropriation of powers of authority shall be the gravest crime against the people.

Article 2

The Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be of highest legal force and direct action. Organs of state power and administration, institutions of local self-government, officials, public associations and citizens must observe the Constitution and laws of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Article 3

Citizenship of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be granted and forfeited in accordance with the constitutional law, and be equal for all citizens irrespective of the reasons for its acquiring.
A citizen of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika may not be deprived of his citizenship or of the right of changing it. A citizen of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika can have a citizenship of another state, i.e. - double citizenship.
Unless otherwise provided by law, foreign citizens and stateless persons shall enjoy rights and freedoms exercised by citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Article 4

State, private, and other forms of ownership shall be recognized in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.
All forms of ownership shall be equally protected by the state.

Article 5

Soil, entrails of the earth, waters, forests, airspace, as well as other natural resources shall be objects of exclusive ownership of the state. Plots can be in the lifelong use of citizens with the right of succession, with their maximum size and the order of using stipulated by law.

Article 6

State power in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be exercised on the basis of its division to legislative, executive, and judicial. Organs of legislative, executive, and judicial powers, within their own competences, shall be independent.

Article 7

In the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, a local self-government shall be recognized and ensured, consisting of Soviets of People's Deputies and organs of territorial public self-government, which shall directly, or through their elected organs, independently tackle social, economic, political, and cultural issues of local importance, proceeding from the state interests and interests of the population of their respective administrative territorial formation.

Article 8

The state, its organs and officials shall act in the conditions of democratic diversity of political institutions and opinions.
The state shall regulate relations between social, national and other communities on the basis of principles of equality and respect for their rights and interests.
The activity of public formations, their organs and representatives shall be prohibited, which is aimed against sovereignty of the Republic, at forcible change of foundations of the constitutional system, undermining security of the state, establishment of illegal armed formations, stirring up racial, national or religious discord.

Article 9

The Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be a secular state. No religion may be established as a national or obligatory one.
Religious associations shall be separated from the state and be equal before the law.

Article 10

Foreign policy of the Republic shall proceed from the principles of sovereign equality of states, non-use of force, peaceful settlement of disputes, non-interference in internal affairs of other states.
Universally recognized principles and norms of international law, as well as international treaties of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, shall be the basis for relations with other states and the constituent part of the legal system.

Article 11

To defend sovereignty and independence of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, the Armed Forces shall be established.
The order of establishment and activity of the Armed Forces shall be determined by law.

Article 12

The status of the official language on an equal basis shall be given to the Moldavian, Russian, and Ukrainian languages.

Article 13

The Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have its own national flag, National Emblem and state anthem, which shall be symbols of the Republic and be approved by law.
The capital of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be the city of Tiraspol.

Article 14

The Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall consist of: the following towns - Bendery (with villages - Varnitsa, Ghyska, Protyagailovka), Dubossary, Rybnitsa, Tiraspol; and Grigoriopol, Dubossary, Kamenka, Slobodzea, Rybnitsa regions.
The borders and the territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be established by law.

Article 15

Provisions of this Section of the Constitution shall constitute the principles of the constitutional system of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika and may not be changed otherwise than provided by the current Constitution.
Other provisions of the Constitution cannot be inconsistent with the principles of the constitutional system of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.



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