CONSTITUTION
OF THE PRIDNESTROVSKAIA MOLDAVSKAIA RESPUBLIKA

SECTION II. RIGHTS, FREEDOMS, RESPONSIBILITIES
AND GUARANTEES OF A PERSON AND A CITIZEN

Article 16

A person, his rights and freedoms shall be of supreme value to the society and the state. The responsibility of the state shall be to protect rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen.
Basic human rights and freedoms shall be inalienable and belong to everybody from birth.

Article 17

Everybody shall have equal rights and freedoms and be equal before the law without distinction as to sex, race, nationality, language, religion, social origin, views, personal and social status.
Benefits and privileges can be established only by the law and should be consistent with the principles of social justice.

Article 18

Restriction of rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen shall be allowed only in cases provided by the law, in the interests of national security, public order, protection of morality, of people's health, rights and freedoms of other individuals.
No one can enjoy benefits and privileges inconsistent with the law.

Article 19

Everybody shall have the right to life. The state shall protect the right to life of a person from any infringement.
The capital punishment, until it is abolished, can be applied according to the law as an exceptional punishment for committing grave crimes against life and only according to the sentence passed.

Article 20

Everybody shall have the right to liberty and security of a person.
No one can be arrested or detained otherwise than provided by the law.
A detainee shall have the right to judicial review of lawfulness of his detention or arrest.

Article 21

No one can be subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment, as well as be object of medical or other experiments without his own consent.

Article 22

A person accused in committing a crime shall be innocent until proven guilty in accordance with the established by the law procedure and the sentence of guilty passed and come into legal force. An accused shall not be bound to prove his innocence.

Article 23

No one must testify against himself, his spouse, close relations, whose circle is determined by the law.
Evidence obtained with violation of the law shall not have any legal force.

Article 24

Everyone shall have the right to protection of his good name, protection against infringement on his honour and dignity, against interference with his private life; as well as the right to personal and family secret, and to inviolability of the home.
No one shall have the right of visit and search of the house, to violate the secrecy of correspondence and telephone conversations otherwise than in the cases and in the order provided by law.

Article 25

The citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have the right to freedom of movement and residence within the Republic, to leave it and to come back unimpededly.

Article 26

Maternity and childhood, as well as family shall be under protection of the state.
Care for children and their upbringing shall be an equal right and duty for parents.
Able to work children, who have reached the age of 18, must take care of their disabled parents.

Article 27

Everyone shall have the right on the freedom of thought, speech and opinion. Everyone shall have the right in any legal way to seek, receive and spread any information, except for the one directed against existing constitutional system, or being State secret. List of information being State secret shall be determined by the law.
Everybody shall be ensured the freedom of opinion and expression.

Article 28

The media shall not be subjected to censorship.

Article 29

The citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be ensured the right to get keep and spread full, reliable and timely information concerning activity of state organs, of public associations, concerning political, economic, and international life, the state of environment.
The organs of state power and administration, institutions of local self-government, and their officials must provide a citizen of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika with the possibility to get acquainted with documents and materials concerning his rights and legitimate interests, unless otherwise provided by the law.

Article 30

Freedom of conscience shall be ensured to everybody. Everybody shall have the right to profess any religion or not to profess any. Any forced implanting religious views shall be inadmissible.

Article 31

The citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have the right to participate in running public and state affairs both directly and through their representatives. This participation shall be carried out through the local self-government, holding referenda, and democratic formation of state organs.
The citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika can freely elect and be elected into state organs on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.

Article 32

The state shall ensure the freedom of assembly, rallies, street processions, demonstrations and pickets, which do not violate law and order, as well as rights, of other citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. The order of holding the abovementioned activities shall be determined by the law.

Article 33

The citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have the right to join in trade unions, political parties and other associations, to participate in mass movements not prohibited by the law.

Article 34

Judges, prosecutor's office personnel, personnel of organs of interior affairs, of the committee of state control, of security organs, as well as servicemen maynot be members of political parties and other public associations set to achieve political goals.

Article 35

Labour shall be free. Everybody shall have the right to freely use his abilities to work, to choose the kind of his labour activity and occupation.
Forced labour shall be prohibited.
Everybody shall have the right to work in the conditions meeting the requirements of security and hygiene, to be rewarded for labour without any discrimination and not less than the established by the law minimum level of salary; as well as the right to protection against unemployment.
The right shall be recognized to individual and collective labour disputes with the use of established by the law ways of their resolution, including the right to strike.
Everybody shall have the right to rest. An employee shall be ensured the length of working time, holidays and red-letter days, paid annual leave, established by the law.

Article 36

Everyone shall have the right to freely use his abilities and property for business and another, not prohibited by the law, economic activity.

Article 37

The state shall ensure the right of property to everyone.
The owner shall, at his own discretion, possess, enjoy and dispose the property belonging to him.
No one can be deprived of his property otherwise than under a court's decision.
Exercising the right of property should not damage the environment, historic and cultural values, infringe upon rights and protected by the law interests of other individuals or the state. The right of succession shall be ensured.

Article 38

Everyone shall have the right to social security in his old age, in case of disability, as well as in case of loss of a bread-winner, and in other cases provided by the law.
Pensions, benefits and other types of social assistance maynot be less than a level officially determined by the state.

Article 39

The citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be ensured the right to health protection, including free medical service and treatment in state public health institutions.

Article 40

Everybody shall have the right to secure for life and health environment and to compensation of the harm caused by violation of this right.

Article 41

Everybody shall have the right to education.
The citizens shall be ensured free general secondary education and free high professional education in state educational institutions.
Everybody shall have the right, on a competitive basis according to his abilities, to get free higher education in state educational institutions.
General secondary education shall be compulsory.
The Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall establish state educational standards, support different forms of education and self-education.

Article 42

Every citizen of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have the right to housing. No one can be arbitrary deprived of housing.
The organs of state power shall encourage house-building, create conditions for exercising the right to housing.
Poor people and other mentioned in the law citizens, who are in need of housing, shall be provided with it free of charge or for reasonable pay from the state or other housing funds according to norms provided by the law.

Article 43

Everybody shall have the right to maintain his ethnicity, as well as nobody can be forced to name and indicate his ethnicity.
Insult of national dignity should be punished as provided by the law.
Everybody shall have the right to use his mother tongue and to choose a language of communication.

Article 44

The citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall have the right to freedom of artistic, scientific, and technical creative work.
Intellectual property shall be protected by the law.
The state shall take care of cultural, scientific, and technical development of society.

Article 45

The state shall ensure rights and freedoms of the citizens laid down in the Constitution. The list of rights and freedoms, given in the Constitution, should not be interpreted as negation or derogation of other universally recognized rights and freedoms.

Article 46

Everybody shall be ensured judicial defense of his rights and freedoms, as well as the right to appeal to the court against illegal decisions and actions of state organs, officials, and public associations.

Article 47

Exercising rights and freedoms shall be inseparable from fulfillment by a citizen and a person his duties before the society and the state.

Article 48

Defense of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be a sacred duty for everybody. The law shall establish universal military service.

Article 49

Everybody must observe the Constitution and laws, as well as respect rights, freedoms, honour and dignity of other people.

Article 50

Everybody must take care of the environment.

Article 51

Everybody must protect cultural and spiritual heritage of the people of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Article 52

Everybody must pay taxes and local duties determined by the law.



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