CONSTITUTION
OF THE PRIDNESTROVSKAIA MOLDAVSKAIA RESPUBLIKA

SECTION III. THE PRINCIPLES OF STATE ADMINISTRATION

CHAPTER 1. THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRINCIPLES
OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM


Article 53

1. Everybody shall have the right on compensation by the state, local self-government, of the harm caused by illegal commission (or omission) of organs of state power, of local self-government, or of their officials.
2. Respect for human dignity, as well as full, unconditional and immediate protection of rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen, and providing conditions for free development of citizens shall be the responsibility of organs of state power, of local self-government and officials.
3. Any normative legal acts affecting rights, freedoms and duties of a person and a citizen maynot be applied without being published officially for general knowledge.

Article 54

1. In conditions of state of emergency or martial law, under the constitutional law, constitutional rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen stipulated in Articles 4, 20, 24, 25, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 35, 36, 37 of the current Constitution may be restricted.
In conditions of state of economic emergency, under the constitutional law, the constitutional rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen stipulated in Articles 4, 35, 37 of the current Constitution may be restricted.
Restrictions of constitutional rights and freedoms of person and citizen mentioned in the given Article may be established with mentioning limits and terms of them being in force. Other constitutional rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen may not be restricted.
2. State of emergency, martial law or economic emergency state on the territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika may be declared under the circumstances and in the order provided by the constitutional law.

Article 55

1. The Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika shall be a presidential republic.
2. Competences of two or three branches of power maynot be concentrated in the hands of one organ or one person. The legislative power maynot belong to one person. Executive organs of state power maynot be given competences to issue laws; and the legislative power maynot be given administrative competences for operational management of organs and institutions of executive and judicial organs of state power.
Each of the organs of state power shall be given controlling functions within its respective competences provided by the current Constitution and the law.
3. Judicial authority shall be exercised by courts, whose decisions shall be taken on behalf of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Article 56

The Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika as a sovereign state through establishment, in the order provided for by the current Constitution and legislation, of organs of state power and administration, as well as state officials, shall undertake to perform the following main functions:
a) creating and preserving a favourable environment;
b) providing public health services;
c) establishing and functioning of social security and public protection systems, as well as a system of employment of able-bodied population;
d) development of science, culture, as well as providing education opportunities for the population;
e) conducting the foreign policy;
f) forming and ensuring operation of financial system of the state;
g) ensuring development of national economy;
h) functioning both internal and external trade;
i) providing conditions for operation of transport and communication as single systems;
j) providing conditions for functioning the agricultural sector of economy aimed at satisfaction of needs of the population;
k) preserving and rational exploitation of the natural resources;
l) providing conditions for operation of industry and power engineering;
m) ensuring defense capability of the state;
n) ensuring domestic security for normal functioning of the state;
o) exercising law-enforcement activity for security and benefit of the population;
p) ensuring operation of justice organs;
q) other matters requiring a uniform solving and application on the territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika for ensuring welfare and well-being of the population.

Article 57

If an international treaty of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika establishes other rules than provided for by the legislation of the Republic, it may be ratified by the Supreme Soviet only after adoption (or simultaneously with adoption) a law by it, introducing amendments into the legislation currently in force according to the international treaty of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, which is subject to ratification.

Article 58

Unless it leads to restriction of rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen provided for by Section II of the current Constitution and is inconsistent with the principles of the constitutional system, the exercising of certain competencies of organs of state power may be delegated through passing a constitutional law in the order stipulated in Article 57 of the current Constitution to another state or supranational institutions, to the extent, to which it will not mean for the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika a refusal from its sovereignty.



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