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In detail...

Legal Space of the Republic: Results and Ways of Development

Legal space of any country including the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, consists of the Constitution (Fundamental Law) and the legal base developed and accepted on the basis of the Constitution. As a whole the legal space of our Republic covers a set of spheres of  life. By analogy with the law science consisting of some branches of law  the legal space of a country can be divided into legal fields conditionally. Each legal field adjusts law relationships, developing in a certain sphere of a social, economic and political life of the country. For example, a legal field of formation and developing of institutes of government of Transdniestrian Republic, a legal field of the organization and activity of power structures of the country, a legal field of the judicial system, a legal field of the social sphere, a legal field of the financial and economic sphere, a legal field of education and others.

To solve all these problems the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika of the first, second, and of three years of activity of the third convocations between 1990 and 2003  developed  and  considered more than 3000 bills,  accepted about 900 laws and more than 1500 decisions of normative character. All this constitute the general legal space of the country.

Within a short report  it is hardly possible to make a full analysis of all these documents, and  it is not necessary. Therefore we shall be limited to the brief analysis of the basic stages of formation of the legal space of our Republic.

Formation and development of the legal space of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika as well as formation of the republic itself is possible to divide into three periods.

The first period ( between 1990 and1992) is the period of formation, making bases for the construction of Transdniestrian Republic and its legal space.

The second period (between1993 and 1995) is the period of the further development and strengthening of the political system, making social and economic base of the country.

The third period (between 1996 till present) is the period of perfection of the legal space of the first two periods, its optimization to new conditions, the period of development of new methods of management and development of the economy of market reforms, the period of struggle for international recognition of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

Each period of formation and development of the legal space of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika has its own specificity and prominent features determined by the conditions developing inside the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, around  and  far outside it.

So, the first period (between 1990 and 1992) is marked by first steps in both country and legal space formation, the basis of the future country was made and the mechanisms of its protection were stipulated.

The beginning was marked by the Second II Extraordinary Congress of Deputies of all levels of the Dniester Region  which  accepted the historical Resolution on formation Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic within the structure of the USSR.

The normative base for acceptance of such a resolution were the results of the referendum carried out in 1989 and in 1990 in the cities and areas of Pridnestrovye. The question for the referendum was formulated as follows: „ On expediency of formation of Pridnestrovian Independent Soviet Socialist Republic within the structure of Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the basis of equal functioning of all languages.”

World practice of the state construction is not rich in examples.  The population taking part in the referendum first  supported expediency of declaration of a republic, and only later on the basis of the referendum the republic was proclaimed. World practice of the state construction yet has not designed a more democratic and legal way of formation of a state.

Referenda and declaration of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika  became the way of realization in practice of the conventional and major principle of international law, as the right of peoples on self-determination.

The principle of equality and rights of peoples on self-determination is incorporated in the Regulations of the United Nations Organization. It is provided there that „... the right on self-determination belongs to all population (people) within a self-determining  territory ".

In the International Convention on Civil and Political rights and in the International Pact on  economic, social, and cultural rights from December, 16, 1966 the right on self-determination is put on the first place.

The contents of the principle of the right on self-determination for the first time was interpreted in the Declaration on the Principles of International Law concerning friendship and cooperation between the countries from October, 24, 1970, namely: „... the political status of any nation may be determined by  this nation freely without intervention from  outside. Any nation may carry out  economic, social, and cultural development and each state is obliged to respect this right...

Creation of a sovereign and independent country, free joining to an independent country or uniting with it, or establishment of any other political status freely determined by people are the ways of realization by this people of the right on self-determination.

Each state is obliged to abstain from any violent actions, depriving peoples in a concrete definition of this principle, their right on self-determination, freedom and independence... ".

The principle of equality and rights of peoples on self-determination is a part of many international documents, including such as:

            - The final Act of  Conference on Safety and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki,  August 1, 1975),

            - The final document of  Vienna Meeting (1986),

            - The Declaration on strengthening of efficiency of a Principle of Threat Deny or its application in the international relations ( Resolution 42/22 General Assembly of the United Nations from November, 18, 1987),

            - The final  Act of Conference in Vienna ( January 15, 1989),

            - Conference on Safety and Cooperation in Europe. Paris Charter for New Europe (Paris, o November 21, 1990) and many others.

Practically  all documents point to the connection of the right on self-determination with human rights which are considered as the supreme value.

Doctrine interpretation of the set of effective standards results in a conclusion that the international law not denying an opportunity of self-determination by means of separation conditions an opportunity of separation by a certain "not legal" mode which does not represent interests of people living in the given territory, and also supposes mass and rough infringements of human rights.  Such an approach removes the question  whether  a national minority has the right on separation as this right covers any ethnic community (irrespective of amount of  persons who are included in the given community), whose interests are not represented by the existing authority and whose fundamental rights and freedoms this authority roughly tramples.

The resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations 1514 (ÕÓ) marks, that if the results of self-determination are the consequence of a free choice of the population of a corresponding territory it is possible to assume that the principle of self-determination is completely observed.

In the advisory conclusion on Western Sahara the International Court of the United Nations has come to the conclusion that application of the right on self-determination can be carried out only in conditions of free will of the  people concerned. Thus, the International Court has emphasized: „ Effectiveness of a principle of self-determination which essence consists in necessity to consider free will of people is not doubted due to the fact that there were cases when the General Assembly of the United Nations did not executed the requirement about consultation of the population of  a corresponding territory ".

In such a way in full conformity with standards of the international law people of Pridnestrovye  acted arrived. Not legal, not democratic, nationalist mode of Moldova roughly violated the rights and freedoms of national minorities and of all people of Pridnestrovye. People of Pridnestrovye  by free will  chose the way of self-determination, having proclaimed the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. And it is not our  fault that  there were no observers of the United Nations Organization and OSCE at our referendum. We informed them and invited as observers.

The Second Congress of the Deputies of all Levels of Pridnestrovye  not only  accepted the Resolution on formation Pridnestrovian  Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic but also  accepted the first statutory acts of the new state - the Decree on the government and the Declaration on the sovereignty.

As the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika  was created practically on no grounds the Second Congress of deputies of all levels  selected the Provisional Supreme Soviet  which had to prepare and conduct elections to a constant Supreme Soviet. Within the period of work of the Provisional Supreme Soviet 60 important decisions were accepted.

On September 11, 1990 the Constitutional commission and the Central selective commission on elections to the Supreme Soviet were formed. After carrying out on November, 25 the elections to the Supreme Soviet the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika the power of the Provisional Supreme Soviet were exhausted.

The first session of the first Supreme Soviet took place on November 29, 1990, that is, in three days after the elections. With the purpose of giving legitimacy to the decisions of the second Congress of deputies of all levels and decisions of the Provisional Supreme Soviet, the Supreme Soviet by its Decision  2 gave to these documents legal power. At the next session on December 8, 1990 the Supreme Soviet  accepted in a new wording the Decree on the government and the Declaration on the sovereignty in which main principles of realization of the government and management were stated  which later became the basis for the future Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

It is indicative that first two laws in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika were the Laws „ On Budgetary System " and „ On the State Bank " - the basic legal acts necessary for construction of economy of the country.

The Supreme Soviet of the first convocation  ratified the list of the laws subject to prime development, and among them the Laws „ On  Government "," On Local Self-Management and  Local Economy "," On Property "," On  Taxation ","  On Land " and others.

In two weeks the structure of the first Government of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika was authorized, and in more three weeks the Law „ On  Government " was accepted.

Arbitration and Supreme Courts, Office of Public Prosecutor of the Republic were also formed and it allowed to create paramount republican authorities and managements.

Official structures of the Republic Moldova (the Supreme Soviet and the Government)  refused to recognize the results of the referendum on autonomy of Pridnestrovye within the structure of Moldavian SSR. Prosecutions and arrests of deputies of the Supreme Soviet and local authorities of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika  began. Simultaneously Moldova took steps to leave  the structure of the Soviet Union by analogy with Baltic republics, and to prepare a legislative base for uniting of Moldova with Romania.

In these conditions on August 25, 1991 the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika accepted the Declaration on independence of Pridnestrovye and keeping the Republic within the structure of the USSR.

The major normative legal act accepted by the Supreme Soviet of the first convocation is the first Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika   accepted on September 2, 1991  It was the day of the first anniversary of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. Legal base for the Constitution of Transdniestrian  Republic was the Decree on the government and the Declaration on the sovereignty, accepted by the Supreme Soviet at the first session. The Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika in its turn was a legal base for formation  of the legal space of the country.

The Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, as well as the whole Republic, operated in very complex conditions of constant pressure and provocations on the part of police formations and divisions of the National army of Moldova. Armed provocations against the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, acts of terrorism and diversions, abductions and arrests of deputies  took place between March and July 1992. Those were large-scale military actions.

In such conditions the Supreme Soviet has accepted the whole package of the legal acts which  provided defense and safety of  the young Republic. Among them were the  Decisions „ On measures on protection of the sovereignty and independence of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika ", „ On strengthening of law-enforcement bodies  ", „ On formation of Defense Committee  " and a number of others. There were also Laws: „ On Republican guards ", „ On Defense ", „ On Armed Forces ", „ On  general conscription and military service ", „ On National Home Guard ".

The document of the major value, rather political than military, was the Decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika „ On military formations of the Black Sea Cossack army in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika ". The given decision  formed legal base for revival of cossacks Pridnestrovye and helped us to get brotherly support and solidarity practically from all Cossack armies of the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus. Within 12 years already cossacks  in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika are on public service on protection of the frontier in the structure of Cossack  regiment.

Corresponding legal base or legal field of military formations  allowed us to organize and provide defense and safety of the Republic, to withstand and repulse aggression of the Republic of Moldova.

And, nevertheless, even in conditions of war the Supreme Soviet continued to pass economic and social  laws and under law statutory acts, among which were Decision „ On measures on social and economic protection of the population and financing of the enterprises, the organizations and establishments ", „ On a credit policy and protection of a domestic market ", „ On monetary circulation in the territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika ", „ On formation of medical faculty within structure of Tiraspol University " and others, and also there were Laws „ On employment of the population ", „ On the property ", „ On a provision of pensions for citizens of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika ", “ On local self-management and local economy ", „ On indexation of monetary incomes of the population " and a number of others.

One of the legal acts in the basis of political and interethnic stability in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika was the Decision of the Supreme Soviet „ On prime measures on preservation of originality of Moldavian people, their language and culture ". On the background large-scale “Romanization” Pridnestrovye in Moldova this decision had a significant resonance and it was accepted with approval by Pridnestrovian Moldavians.

Another remarkable fact is that a half-year  after formation of the Republic the Supreme Soviet  accepted the Decision „ On formation of an archival department and a network of the state archives ", and still in a year it passed the Law „ On citizenship in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika ". This was the witness of the fact  that we had created the Republic  for a long time.

In conditions of absence of own legal base which in other states is created for decades, the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika on December 10, 1991,  made the unique  in such conditions  Decision - „ On the order of application of the legislation in the territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika " according to which the Supreme Soviet before acceptance by the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika of corresponding normative documents within the territory of the Republic applies the legislation of Moldavian SSR not contradicting the Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, and also the  legislation of the USSR was applied.

One more feature of the first period of the state construction was the fact that it was  necessary to deny classical division of branches of authority. By virtue of absence for that time of enough  staff deputies of the Supreme Soviet made up a basis of the conciliatory commissions on negotiations with Moldova; from among deputies some groups for an establishment ofconnections with the state bodies,  enterprises, parties and movements of the CIS countries  were created; 11 deputies combined their deputy duties with the posts in the executive and judicial authorities. Those were compelled but  justified steps.

With the termination of military actions  the second period of the state construction in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika began  and the second period of creation of its own legal space accordingly. By this time more or less qualified and stable structure of the Government had been generated, the ministries and departments of the Republic needed new acts, basically of economic character.

During 1993, the first post-war year, Laws „ On banks and bank activity ", „ On  profit tax of  enterprises and  organizations ", „ On  tax on added cost ", „ On state tax service ", „ On State Tax " and others were developed and accepted.

Alongside with economic laws, the Supreme Soviet accepted the acts regulating law relationships  in other spheres too. So, in connection with incessant actions of Moldova on destabilization of a situation in C, the Supreme Soviet  passed the Law „ On the agencies of state security ". Also there appeared the package of acts of political character, among which were Laws „ On the status of armies of the Russian Federation deployed in territory of Transdniestrian Republic ", „ On associations of citizens ", „ On  mass media ". Especially it would be desirable to note the Law accepted by the Supreme Soviet „ On languages in  the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika ". It was the first and till now remains  the unique law in the CIS, establishing real equality of languages and recognizing as official three basic languages in  the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika - Russian, Moldavian, and Ukrainian. We have  released in 1993 the first stamp of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. Now there are lot of series of them, that is a big surprise for philatelists.

Quickly varying life, development of new forms and methods of managing in conditions of transition to market economy laid down new conditions before legislators. Deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the first convocation by the end of its work in 1995 had accepted almost 30 new laws, a  half of which were the laws regulating economic activities of  enterprises and  organizations. Among them were the Laws „ On joint-stock companies ", „ On foreign investments in the territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika ", „ On pledge ", „ On excises ", „ On rent ", „ On bills ", „ On auditor activity ", „ On  inconsistency and bankruptcy of  enterprises ", „ On commercial and industrial chambers ", „ On protection of the rights of consumers " and others.

Acceptance of these laws  allowed to achieve reduction of slump in production, to recover economic and economic activities and even to achieve a certain rise in  industry and  agriculture.

The Supreme Soviet also accepted  new socially significant Laws :„ On social protection of veterans of war ", „ On social protection of veterans of work, military service and persons of a pension age ", „ On education ", „ On physical training and sports ", „ On the state youth policy ", „ On   environment protection" and others.

The third period of formation of the legal space of the Republic begins with the activity of the second convocation of the Supreme Soviet and proceeds till now within the third year of activity of the third convocation of the Supreme Soviet. The given period is characterized by the fact that the Supreme Soviet continues to improve legal base of the first two periods  passing  new Laws necessary for the Republic.

So, the Supreme Soviet of the second convocation  passed in a new wording the Law „ On budgetary system ",  Laws „ On development of small business ", „ On health protection of citizens ", „ On culture ", „ On science and the state scientific and technical policy ", „ On  rights of the child " and others. Also the Supreme Soviet of the second convocation  accepted its own first five codes of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika: the Civil Code (I  part), Customs, Elective, Forest and Water codes.

The Constitutional Law on amendment of the Constitution which came in force on July 22, 2000  considerably updated the Constitution the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika that allows us to tell about the new edition of the Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. It is important  that the Republic  found  a new edition of the Fundamental Law, but the fact that one of articles of the Constitution contains the standard establishing that laws and other legal acts accepted by the USSR, Moldavian SSR on the expiration of two years after coming into force of the present Law lose their force and become not subject to application in territory of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika is even more important.

The given standard strained the deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the third convocation because  they should accept a plenty of laws necessary for Republic and, first of all, the remained codes during these two  years.

The laws accepted within the first three years of activity of the Supreme Soviet of the third convocation differ by their economic and social orientation. First of all, they are Laws „ On  state program of privatization  ", „ On  securities market ", „ On budgetary classification ", „ On legalization of incomes and write-off of fines and financial sanctions ", „ On  minimal size of  payment ", „ On minimal size of pension on age ", „ On  consumer's basket ", „ On bases of obligatory social insurance " and others.

After acceptance of the Constitutional Law „ On the Constitutional court " and with formation of the  constitutional court in the Republic formation of bodies of the government and management is completed.

Especially it is necessary to note  the acceptance by the Supreme Soviet of the third convocation of other  nine coded laws and parts II and III of Civil code. Since July 22, 2002 the legal space of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika  is based only on its own legal base. This is a great achievement of  the Parliament of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika.

However, it is necessary to tell that creation of own legal base is not the end in itself and not achievement for the sake of satisfaction of one’s own vanity. The legal space of the country should serve the basic purposes and tasks of the country - formation and strengthening of the sovereignty and independence of the country, development of economy of the country, development of social sphere of the country, increase of well-being of people living in this  country.

Considering through a prism of these purposes and problems of the country everything achieved for 13 years in the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, it is possible to tell that  we  are building on the basis of the legal space a self-sufficient state providing  political, economic, information and military safety.

Today military safety of the country is provideâ èí not numerous but well enough equipped, mobile Armed forces completed both on a call to military service and on a contract basis The majority of their command structure are officers of the Soviet Army with military experience of Afghanistan and, certainly, our own experience of repulse of aggression of Moldova in 1992.

Safety and  law order are provided with the agencies of state security and law enforcement bodies, Office of Public Prosecutor and courts.

We live in conditions of unrecognisability  and long-term blockade and the most complex thing for us is  maintenance of economic safety. We are deprived of opportunities of getting of external credits,  import of raw materials is blocked for our enterprises, export and realization of  goods is blocked even more. But even in such conditions the economy of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika develops dynamically enough. Legislative and executive authorities, economic agents of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika in such a bad situation search for and find new non-standard methods of adaptation to such force-major circumstances.

It  allowed us to provide  for all these years all the population with food stuffs, to provide stable  light supply, heat and water supply. We have already forgotten what “fan” switching-off of  electric power is, and the delay of a heating season for a day or two  is considered as an extreme situation. Within these years we  constructed gas main of average and low pressure. Today only one, the smallest district of Kamenka is supplied  with gas containers  because of a complex lay of land . Other  settlements of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika are provided with natural gas. This year necessary funds are allocated and there will be  gas  in Kamenka too.

It is natural that derivation of so significant public funds for so scale programs and  purposes narrows opportunities of financing of the social sphere.

Nevertheless,  more than 60 %  of the republican budget are allocated for these purposes.

So, in the budget of 2004  about 14 % of an account part of the budget are allocated for education, culture and sports;

for public health services - about 17 %;

for payment of pensions, grants and social support of citizens - about 21 %;

for transfers to areas and cities for maintenance of the social sphere and municipal services - about 10 %.

Since January, the first of the current year the law  on  salaries of workers of budgetary sphere and power structures was accepted.

This law, alongside with  regulating wages of all state employees, placing them on a hierarchical service ladder, considerably increases wages of teachers, doctors and of other categories of workers.

I can declare with satisfaction that despite of complexities and difficulties in the economy, we do not use the aid of IMF, we did not collected and  do not leave to our children debts to the western countries. However, wages and pensions of our citizens  are higher than in Moldova, despite the fact it collected debts of more than 2 billion US dollars.

This is the main component of our legislation, in it we see the efficiency of the legal space of our state.

Our Parliament has all conditions for maintenance of legislative process. The solid electronic database of acts of the countries of the world is created. Each deputy not leaving a workplace can obtain through a computer network the necessary data for work at that or other bill.

The basic place in a database belongs to the legislation of the Russian Federation. Our legislation is similar in many respects. We intentionally keep ourselves in the general legislative space and standards of education,  science, and culture. In these spheres we have  many common things and, I hope, it will be always.

 There is a paradox situation - practically in all spheres we have  a common legal space with Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, with the Slavic world but we are force to build a common state with Moldova whose pro-Romanian, pro-Western and anti-Russian policy is expressed openly and loudly.

This policy of official Moldova was and is the main stumbling-block  which separated  us 14 years ago. All these years we  move in  opposite directions: we - to the east, they - to the West.

In fact, when  aspirations of Moldova to leave the USSR became obvious, we  proclaimed the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika within the structure of the USSR.

When on March 17, 1991 in Pridnestrovye the All-Union referendum on a question of preservation of the USSR was carried out,  poll stations were ruined and  those wishing to vote were beaten in Kishinev.

Pridnestrovye accepted the law socially protecting the Russian military men  and conducted the referendum against withdrawal of the Russian army, but Moldova with the help of the western allies at summits in Istanbul, Maastricht put forward  ultimatums on terms of withdrawal of armies from Pridnestrovye and signed documents on cooperation with the NATO and participated in more than hundred joint military exercises with the countries of the North Atlantic block. Even regarding the war in Iraq Moldova has taken  pro-American position and has sent the military contingent to Iraq.

In Pridnestrovye there are long lines to get Russian citizenship, and in Moldova registration of the Romanian citizenship is in full swing.

In Pridnestrovye the overwhelming majority of the population  put their signatures in the request to make Pridnestrovye a part of the Union of Byelorussia and Russia, in Kishinev officials declare that  Moldova’s aim  is integration with Europe. It will be not just cooperation, I emphasize, but isolation  from the CIS, from Russia and full integration into EU. This way is proclaimed by President Voronin contrary to his promises to voters in Moldova.

The question on construction of a common state with Moldova on problems of federalism is again paid  special attention to in connection with the Memorandum suggested by the Russian Federation „ On main principles of a state system of the incorporated state ".

Not analyzing in detail each article of the Memorandum it is necessary to tell at once that it assumed creation of asymmetric decentralized federation with fixing of heterogeneity of the status of Moldova and c.  It would be not suitable for Pridnestrovye  because at the referendum on December 1, 1991 in Pridnestrovian people  voted for independence of Transdniestrian Republic, and on December 24, 1995  the Constitution of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika was accepted article 1 of which establishes that the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika is a sovereign, independent, democratic, and lawful state.

Thus, agreeing to construct such a federative state with Moldova, we actually agreed with abandoning of the most part of the independence and  sovereignty. It was a huge concession on the part of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. And, nevertheless, having considered advice of the countries - mediators and guarantors (Russia and Ukraine), aspiring to settle the conflict with Moldova, the President of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika  decided to sign the Memorandum.

What did we get as an answer?

Refusal of  President of Moldova V.Voronin to sign the Memorandum vised by him; failure of practically already begun visit of the President of Russia to Moldova (by the way,  similar treatment of the President of Russia  no state afforded before); headed by deputies of the Parliament of Moldova  crowds of Popular Front members  burning  Russian flags and portraits of  President of Russia V.V.Putin; a new splash in  anti-Russian moods in Moldova; V.Voronin's statements on aspiration of Moldova to join Europe.

From this point of view the act of President Voronin had a certain benefit - we got a good lesson about possible future relations with Moldova, people of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika once again convinced in pro-Western and anti-Russian policy of Kishinev, and all the world saw unpredictability of Moldova on behalf of its management.

Naturally, the question arises: and what is next?

 It is necessary to continue construction and strengthening of our state, the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika. And we shall do it with  even greater than earlier energy.

We shall continue negotiations with Moldova on const good-neighbour relations. We shall listen consider advice of the countries-mediators and guarantors, we shall adhere  the recommendation of the international community, but we shall base mutual relations with Moldova proceeding from advice of our Pridnestrovian people, first of all.

I think it is full time to carry out  a general referendum in Pridnestrovye under supervision of the countries- mediators and guarantors, under supervision of any observers from  various international organizations to put an end to this problem.

Fourteen-year existence of the independent the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika has shown all the world that it  is recognized by people and consequently possesses internal (determining) legitimacy, moreover, it has a sufficient set of convincing arguments  for the international legitimacy too, for including of it de jure in a universal civilized human society.

The next demarche on non-signing by Moldova of the Memorandum  „ On main principles of a state system of the incorporated state " paraphed by it again has shown to the world that Moldova  groundlessly and irresponsibly denies the reasonable compromise to settle Moldavian and Pridnestrovian conflict, that its capability to make treaties is insignificantly small, that it still  hopes to include  Pridnestrovye in its unitary Constitution as a deprived of civil rights autonomous territory.

People  of Pridnestrovye cannot allow such a succession of events, not for that they  defended their independence with  weapon in hands. By its real constructive policy the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika proved the viability and an openness to the world, it showed that its government is capable to adjust efficient control of the society, to establish  public consent, to create the effective mechanism of solving of the basic social, economic and spiritual problems, to establish the order based on the law.

Preservation of the own state and struggle for its international recognition as a realization of the right and as a realization of the given unique historical chance cause a feeling of pride and dignity of Pridnestrovian people.

Statehood of Pridnestrovye is perceived by our people as a super value, as a system of protection of its territories from attempts to impose  alien spirit and orders from  outside. Aspiration of our people to keep up in a comfortable for us  geopolitical space, unity with the Slavic world should be clear, as it seems to us, for everybody  and, first of all, for Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.

Only some aspects  from  life of our people given by me are, in our opinion, rather a convincing base to recognize the given country and the given government as is  legitimate by the international community.

Marakutsa G.S.,

Doctor of Jurisprudence, Professor,

 Corresponding Member of RAES,

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika




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